Revelation:  Things Which Must Be Hereafter
Event Scripture Hist. Interp. Time Of Historicist Fut. Interp. Futurist Book
Chapter 12 Title References Strength Occurrence Interpretation Strength Interp. References Comments
This spreadsheet is meant to be used with the Revelation Puzzle Pieces Series of Articles.  Please go to the Revelation Puzzle Pieces series at
Rev 12:1  And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:  Event 20-Sun Clothed Woman Strong ***** 12:1  That these three visions of the wild beast power (Rev 12, Rev 13 and Rev 17) represent successive stages in the history of the Roman Empire, as first under the government of its seven heads ; secondly under the government of its ten horns, for in the prophecy the crowns are transferred from the heads to the horns; and thirdly as carrying, and then casting off and destroying, the harlot Babylon. Guinness, “History Unveiling Prophecy”, preface x 12:1  This is, in my opinion, the first and most well documented sign in the whole Book of Revelation.  It is also the only one that is divinely interpreted within Revelation 17 itself.  So, if you are filling out your Revelation puzzle, this is the first piece that you fit into place on your chronological time-line, as every single symbol that is given by John has been explained in a very neat and tight fit into the 1,260 year time-line for the rise and fall of the Papacy.  This Revelation 17 event most certainly fits with great exactness into the time of the French Revolution, as displayed in Revelation 16, Vials one through five.  Given that so much of Revelation 12 and 13 describe this same beast empire, yet in an earlier, more imperial and less religious form, it serves as the foundation post from where we begin to unlock the secrets of the meaning of this entire Book of Revelation.  Strong argument is therefore made that the seals and first four trumpets most probably refer to the fall of Imperial Rome prior to 476 AD.
Rev 12:2  And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered.  12:2  The meaning of the travailing woman, first exhibited in vision, can scarce be mistaken. She is spoken of in the last verse of this chapter as the mother of " those that keep the commandments of God, and the testimony of Jesus Christ." l She was evidently therefore Christ's true Church on earth ; the Church of the 144,000, or first-horn whose names were written in heaven Elliott, Horae, Vol 3, p 7
Rev 12:3  And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads.  Event 21-Dragon With 7 Heads and 10 horns, with crowns on his 7 HEADS Dan 2:40#Daniel Chapter 2 Strong ***** 224 BC to 476 AD-Rome Pagan 12:3  The dragon is the ten-horned wild beast power of the Apocalypse ' whose identity with the fourth or ten horned wild beast of the prophecies of Daniel was recognized by the Church of the second, third, and fourth centuries. Of the fourth beast " dreadful and terrible " Hippolytus " who are these but the Romans . . .the kingdom which is now established .׳' " " John in the Apocalypse," says Irenaeus, " teaches us what the ten horns shall be which were seen by Daniel."  This particular Beast, according to Guinness, refers to Rome Pagan, under the seven forms of Emperors. Guinness, “History Unveiling Prophecy”, p50 12:3  The crowns are seen to be upon the heads here in Rev. 12:3, as opposed to being seen on the ten horns in Rev. 13:1.  This is a powerful and persuasive indicator that Imperial, Pagan Rome, under its' seven successive rulers, is prefigured here.  The linkage of John's ten horned wild beast with Daniel's four beast is complex:  probably not complete without inclusion of the Islamic Eastern leg of the Roman Empire, as discussed at the link provided below to my article.
Rev 12:4  And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born.  12:4  Seven heads to signify seven, or in a certain sense eight, successive rulers, or successions or classes of rulers.  Daubuz attributes its discovery to King James. Pareus, p. 422, as the solution of Aretius, Napier, and Brightman ; each of whom probably, some certainly, preceded King James. Indeed I find almost the same in the yet earlier commentator Osiander j the same of whom I have spoken, Vol. ii. p. 136, and who published A. D. 1544. He gives as the seven heads ;— 1, Kings; 2, Consuls; 3, Decemvirs; 4, Dictators ; 5, Triumvirs ; 6, Caesars ; 7, External Caesars, i. e. of foreign extraction ; 8, the Popes. Elliott, Horae, Vol 3 p 62, p 98 12:4  I discuss in my article that the seven heads seen here, in Rev 13, and Rev 17( “8th, which is of the 7” in Rev. 17) probably have an alternate meaning to denote that these heads represent seven empires: five that had already fallen by the time of Christ and then later, John, were: 1) Egypt, 2) Assyria, 3) Babylon, 4) Media-Persia and 5)Macedonia-Greece. Rome was presently in power and that scripture says that one more would follow, making seven Empires in total. Then, an eighth would arise which would be "of the seven", but just who or what is that seventh empire? Most say the Holy Roman Empire under the Papacy, but that never held sway over the Eastern lands or the Holy Land. The seventh Empire of Revelation 17:10-11 must have been an amalgamation of the Holy Roman Empire, under the Papacy in the Western leg and the Ottoman Empire in the Eastern leg. That will then logically follow on to indicate that the eighth empire (Rev 17:11) could very possibly, or rather just as possibly be (partly) comprised of a reconstituted Ottoman empire (Islamic). See my article “The 2,670 Day Prophecy Of Daniel”
Rev 12:5  And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.  12:5  The Christian body, now headed and represented by Constantine, elevated with marvellous rapidity to a Christian, an avowedly Christian throne. Elliott, Horae, Vol 3, p 20
Rev 12:6  And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days.  Daniel 12:7#DanielChapter12 12:6  After a passing notice of the woman, (presently to be resumed,) as fleeing towards, 6 and destined to a long long sojourn in, the wilderness, (for short-lived indeed is the association of Christ's true church with the splendors and honors of this world, after this a notice occurs in the prophecy of war in heaven. Elliott, Horae, Vol 3, p 20 12:6  For more information on the day/year principle that reckons the 42 months/1,260 days as representing 1,260 years of Papal domination, see my article entitled “The 1,260 Day Prophecy of Revelation-The Great Tribulation”
Rev 12:7  And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels,  12:7  The antagonist principles intended were evidently Christianity and Paganism : and powers invisible, as well as visible, —the one headed by Michael, captain of the Lord's host, 1 the other by Satan,—appeared to mingle in the conflict. The fulfilment was seen in the seduction of Licinius, through ambitious motives, to head afresh the Dragon's cause against Christianity and Constantine : 2—and then in his two successive defeats and death, and the consequent and (except for its momentary re-elevation under Julian) final dejection of Paganism, A. D. 324, from its high places in the empire, that of the figuration next following ; Elliott, Horae, Vol 3, p 20
Rev 12:8  And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven. 
Rev 12:9  And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.  12:9  Who a better commentator on it than Constantine himself ? In a letter to Eusebius he writes of " that dragon having been deposed from the governance of affairs by God's providence." And Eusebius further relates, that in a picture elevated by Constantine over his palace-gate, there was represented the cross, the ensign of salvation, placed above his head ; and, beneath, his enemy and that of the human race (viz. Licinius, or rather Satan that had animated him) under the semblance of a dragon precipitated into the Abyss. Elliott, Horae, Vol 3, p 21
Rev 12:10  And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.  12:10  The song of triumph would represent that of the christian body then living, and elevated by the recent events to supremacy in the Roman empire.—The expression " our brethren,'" used in it, in reference to the saints that had previously suffered martyrdom for Christ, confirms this view of the matter. For had Angels been the chanters of it, they would scarcely have called the saints brethren, seeing that they are not united with them by the brotherhood of the same flesh and blood ; 2 but rather fellow-servants  Elliott, Horae, Vol 3, p 22
Rev 12:11  And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death. 
Rev 12:12  Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time.  12:12  This .. is to be regarded as a detached and solemn notification by the dictating prophetic Spirit of some woe on the Roman empire, soon about to follow. —Is it asked, What woe ? The answer is ready. Either the Arian heresy raised up within the empire to be the disturber and persecuter of the Church :—or else the Gothic scourge, which first of all external judgments, as we know, fell on the christianized Roman world. 3 Elliott, Horae, Vol 3, p 28
Rev 12:13  And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child.  12:13  His direct assault on the very vitals of Christianity, and persecution of orthodox and true Christians by Arianism and the Avians, next, and connectedly, his indirect but not less hostile attack on them through temptations to superstition, 3 are the things here mainly prefigured. Elliott, Horae, Vol 3, p 31
Rev 12:14  And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.  12:14  The woman is described as transferred into the wilderness not suddenly but gradually,—her first movement thitherwards being represented as begun soon after the birth of the man-child, for it is then that the first mention is made of her fleeing a wanderer towards the wilderness.  The real Church of Christ was evidently, according to these accounts, receding into the invisibility of the wilderness-state. Elliott, Horae, Vol 3, p 34-p46 12:14  For more information on the day/year principle that reckons the 42 months/1,260 days as representing 1,260 years of Papal domination, see my article entitled “The 1,260 Day Prophecy of Revelation-The Great Tribulation”
Rev 12:15  And the serpent cast out of his mouth water as a flood after the woman, that he might cause her to be carried away of the flood.  12:15  What flows from the mouth is doctrine, good or bad according to the man's character. " The words of a man's mouth are as deep waters ; and the well-spring of wisdom as a flowing brook:"'2 on the other hand, " The mouth of the wicked poureth forth evil things." 3 Again floods are a constant Scripture metaphor for the invasion of hostile nations.* Elliott, Horae, Vol 3, p 47
Rev 12:16  And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed up the flood which the dragon cast out of his mouth.  12:16  So the Arianism of the invading flood, as well as its Paganism, —that false doctrine by which, and the secular force accompanying it, the Dragon had schemed to overwhelm the primitive christian creed and church, and therein Christianity itself,—was seen no more. It was absorbed, as it were, into the soil, and had disappeared. " The earth (thus far) helped the woman, and swallowed up the Flood." 3 Elliott, Horae, Vol 3, p 52-p54 12:16  The Romish Church, which never knew the predicted wilderness-life, could not for this very reason be the Woman of the 12th Apocalyptic Chapter ; that is, could not be the true Church of Christ.
Rev 12:17  And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.  12:17      Read the article:  "Learning To Pray In The Wilderness"