Revelation:  Things Which Must Be Hereafter
Event Scripture Hist. Interp. Time Of Historicist Fut. Interp. Futurist Book
Chapter 11 Title References Strength Occurrence Interpretation Strength Interp. References Comments
This spreadsheet is meant to be used with the Revelation Puzzle Pieces Series of Articles.  Please go to the Revelation Puzzle Pieces series at
Rev 11:1  And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. 
Rev 11:2  But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months. 
Rev 11:3  And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.  EVENT 18-2 Witnesses Strong **** 606AD to 1866AD 11.3  Two Witnesses:  Pre Reformation and Reformation.  Could it be then that the forty-two months, or forty-two times thirty days, i.e. 1260 prophetic days or years, of the apostasy, should have prolonged their dreary course without a witness having been kept up for Christ ? It was in the nature of the case impossible... They shall prophesy 1260 days clothed in sackcloth.'' Sackcloth was among the Jews the almost universal sign of mourning Elliott, Horae, Vol 2, p 205, p212...The whole large section from p205 to p408 deals with the witnesses up unto the Reformation. 11.3  There were witnesses to the true gospel through the entire time of the 1,260 year Papal apostasy, beginning with Serenus, Bishop of Marseilles(circa 606AD), who taught against the sin of image worship. To which this error then led to the worship of relics and invisible departed saints.(Elliott, p226-229)… Then, the Council of Frankfort, A.D. 794, under Charlemagne, and protest of 300 Bishops of Western Christendom, as well as its Emperor, in opposition to the Popes of Rome, against image-worship :  one followed up in 825 by a Council at Paris, convened also against image-worship ;and which accompanied its decrees with an express rebuke of the Pope.'"  Many others followed them unto the Reformation
Rev 11:4  These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.  2 Witnesses Zec. 4:11 11:4  Of these emblems the candlesticks, or lamp-sconces, are explained by Christ Himself to symbolize Christian Churches….it was the olivetree that supplied nourishment to the temple-lamps,—it being commanded that pure oil-olive should alone be burnt in them,^—it would seem that those must be symbolized thereby who supplied the needful spiritual nourishment to the Christian churches ; in other words, all faithful ministers and gospel-preachers, ministering to them. Elliott, Horae, Vol 2, p 209 11:5   Must occur before the pouring of the vials if we are to accept that Revelation lays events out in Chronological order. Revelation Puzzle-Part 2 (Mohammedan Rise-Turkish Woe-2 Witnesses Slain)
Rev 11:5  And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.  2 Witnesses 1416AD to 1689AD  11:5  Elliott writes:  I will make my words in thy mouth fire, and this people wood, and it shall devour them, was fulfilled, we know, by the subsequent burning of their city, and their destruction not individually, but as a nation.  Fleming regards this period to have begun with the slaying of John Huss in 1416AD. Elliott, Horae, Vol 2, p 213    AND Robert Fleming, "Rise and Fall of The Papacy", P57 11:5   This must occur before the pouring of the vials if we are to accept that Revelation lays events out in Chronological order.  I have dated the start of this event with the initial publication of the Geneva Bible in 1560, which with its' 1.5 million bibles published probably did as much to carry forth the truth of the gospel as any human preacher.   Revelation Puzzle-Part 3 (2 Witnesses-Everlasting Gospel-4 Angels Bound)
Rev 11:6  These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.  11:6  It could not be that for 1260 years there should be no natural rain :—a spiritual drought must be intended. Again, their turning the waters into blood can only be interpreted of the bloodshed of wars, inflicted in God's providence on the enemies of the Witnesses; and the fire going out of their mouths of God's fiery judgments, destroying the apostates nationally that might have persecuted them. Elliott, Horae, Vol 2, p 213
Rev 11:7  And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.  11:7  And thus, ere we enter on the history of the Councils of Orleans and Arras, early in the same xith century,—in which Councils heretics and heresies were condemned, that had been imported, it was said, from Italy,'^ and which introduced,
and were followed by, the (so-called) heresies of Berenger,^ Arnold of Brescia, Peter de Bruys, and his disciple Henry, and in fine of the Waldenses...and the Paulikians and seemingly numberless more
Elliott, Horae, Vol 2, p247, p 409 to p463 11:7  Regarding the Waldenses:  the history and epoch of the Lyonnese merchant, generally known under the name of Peter Waldo (Valdes), (a name incorrect, however, as will soon appear, has become almost more notable than even on his own account; eminent as he was among Christ's witnesses. For about the year 1170, having sold all he had,'^ and distributed to the poor, he became head to certain missionary bands, known thenceforward under the name of Waldenses, as well as Poor men of Lyons : that soon drew on themselves the public attention and persecution in various countries of Western Europe ; and, from before the close of the next century, were well known as sectaries that had an intimate local connexion with the Alpine valleys of Piedmont and Dauphiny. (Elliott p344)
Rev 11:8  And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified.  11:8  Bernard, a condemned “Heretic” testified in 1116-1147 as follows:  " The churches are without people ; the people without priests ; the priests without reverence ; Christians without Christ •} the churches are reckoned but as synagogues ; the sacraments not held sacred ; excommunications by priests, invocation of saints, oblations for the dead, pilgrimages, festival-days, are all neglected and despised : by denial of the grace of baptism infants are precluded from salvation ; and men die in their sins, their souls being hurried away to the terrible tribunal, unreconciled by penitence, unfortified by the holy communion."^ Elliott, Horae, Vol 2, p 285-p291, p431 11:8  Regarding the Martyrs of Colgone, as criticized by the Monk Eckbert, circa 1160, we read “the same heretics continued to abound in the neighbourhood of Cologne ; that it was their habit to defend their tenets by words of Holy Scripture ; that they did this so speciously, that even the learned of the clergy were, to their disgrace, very generally unable to reply ; and that they were mercilessly persecuted, even unto death. With what martyrs' constancy they braved death, notwithstanding Eckbert's attempt to depreciate it…..Says Mosheim : " As the xvith century opened, no danger seemed to threaten the Roman Pontiffs. The agitations excited in former centuries by the Waldenses, Albigenses, Beghards, . . . and afterwards by the Bohemians, had been suppressed aj\d extinguished by counsel and the sword.  THE FIRST WITNESS HAD PERISHED.  Onward came the Reformation
Rev 11:9  And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves.  Oct. 7, 1685 AD to April, 1689 AD 11:9  The fatal day of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes.  was the 17th of October, 1685. Peter Jurieu, one of the exiled Huguenot ministers wrote a book in 1687, a copy of which lies before us, entitled," The accomplishment of the Scripture prophecies on the approaching deliverance of the Church, proving that the present persecution may end in three years and a half; after which the destruction of the Antichrist shall begin, which shall be finished in the beginning of the next age,
and then the Kingdom of Christ shall come upon earth." Including the persecution and reinstatement of the Vaudois Valley Protestants
Guinness, “History Unveiling Prophecy”, p153, p402-403 11:9  Regarding The Waldenses (further):  " After this the heretic draws a comparison between the state of the Romish Church and that of his sect ; saying thus :—The doctors of the Romish Church are proud in their dress and manners ; they love the chief seats, and seek to be called of men Rabbi ; but such Rabbies they desire not. Also they are incontinent : but each one of us has his wife, and lives chastely M'ith her. Also they are the rich and covetous, to whom it is said. Woe unto you
rich ; ye have received your consolation : but we, having food and clothes to cover us, are content therewith. Also they are the voluptuous ones, to whom it is said, ' Woe to you who devour widows' houses.' But we gain sustenance how and whence we may. Also they fight and make wars, and command the poor to be killed and burnt. Of such it is said, ' He that taketh the sword shall perish with the sword.' ^ We, however, suffer persecution from them for righteousness.—Also they eat the bread of idleness, doing nothing : but we work w^ith our hands. Also they wish to be the only teachers ; to whom it is said, Matt, xxiii., ' Woe unto you that have taken away the key of knowledge :' but among us, women teach, as well as men ; and a disciple of seven days instructs another. 
Rev 11:10  And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth.  11:10  I take Pope Leo's own Bull for the dissolution of the Council, dated in March 1517, as the illustrator. It speaks of all the objects for which the Council had been called, (and the reader will well remember that amongst those objects was " the total extirpation of heresies," of old heresies as well as new,) as having been happily and successfully accomplished.^ It reports not only the extinction of the Pisan schism or heresy, but the universal union of the Church. "All which considered," says Leo, " our soul exults in the Lord :and we judge that thanks should be given to God for it.” Elliott, Horae, Vol 2, p 454 11:10  Waldenses (continued)Also there is hardly a teacher among them that knows by heart three connected chapters of the New Testament : but among us there is scarce a man or woman who cannot repeat its
text in the vulgar tongue. And, because we have the true faith of Christ, and teach a holy life and doctrine, therefore the Scribes and Pharisees,^ without cause, persecute us unto death, as they did Christ.—Moreover they only say, and do not ; and bind heavy burdens on men's shoulders, and do not move them with a finger : but we practise all we teach. Also they are more urgent in compelling the observance of the traditions of men, than of the commands of God;^ as of fasts, festivals, going to church, and many other things, which are of human institution : but we only persuade men to keep the doctrine of Christ and the apostles. Also they load penitents with grievous penances : but we, after the example of Christ, say to the sinner. Go and sin no more ! and remit all sins to him by our imposition of hand ; and transmit souls at death to heaven : but they send almost all souls to hell.—Having stated these and other points, the heretic says ; Consider which state, and which faith, is the more perfect ;—ours, or that of the Church of Rome ; and make choice of it.^—Thus the hearer is turned away from the catholic faith, being seduced by their errors."
Rev 11:11  And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them.  May 5, 1514 to October 31, 1517 11:11 The fatal day of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes.  was the 17th of October, 1685. Peter Jurieu, one of the exiled Huguenot ministers wrote a book in 1687, a copy of which lies before us, entitled," The accomplishment of the Scripture prophecies on the approaching deliverance of the Church, proving that the present persecution may end in three years and a half; after which the destruction of the Antichrist shall begin, which shall be finished in the beginning of the next age,
and then the Kingdom of Christ shall come upon earth." Including the persecution and reinstatement of the Vaudois Valley Protestants...yet probably best fulfilled in 1514 by Lateran Council 5, where great celebrations were inaugurated that all "heretics" had been put down...until October, 1517, when Martin Luther began to attack the abominations of Roman Catholicism at Wittenberg, Germany.  The period forms exactly three and a half prophetic years.  Elliott greatly covers these events in Volume II, pages 454 to 462
Guinness, “History Unveiling Prophecy”, p153, p402-403, Elliott, Horae, Vol 2,p454-462, p488 11:11  Regarding the Huguenots:  In France the massacre of St. Bartholomew's day, A. D. 1572, showed the feeling of both king, nobles, priests, and people towards the Huguenots, or Protestants, before Henry IV's  accession and the Edict of Nantes.  After which repeal the remnant of Protestants in Erance were a body without the pale of the law : and sad indeed is the picture drawn of their miseries, even up to the year 1788, just immediately before the Revolution.^ It is well observed from Hume by Mr. Cuninghame,^ that after the massacre of St. Bartholomew, when the Erench Ambassador came to court, ' nothing could be more awful and affecting than the solemnity of his audience. A melancholy sorrow sate on every face. —The same again was the feeling in England and Holland after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Whilst one member so suffered, how could the others but sympathize with it !—No ! The 1260 days were not yet ended. Its true Protestant Witnesses, though participating in the national ascent of Protestantism into the political heaven, had not yet put off their sackcloth. (Elliott, Vol 2, p488)
Rev 11:12  And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them.  11:12  But could it be that the Witnesses so lately made war against, even to extermination,  and which had been moreover rejoiced over, when apparently dead, by delegates from every part of Western Christendom, and even after their resuscitation aimed at afresh in hostile decrees, like those of Worms and Augsburg,—could it be, be called up, and that with a voice audible through all Europe, to political ascendancy and power?—It needs but little acquaintance with modern history to know that such was indeed the very fact ; and this within little more than 20 years from the anti-Protestant Decree of Augsburg. Elliott, Horae, Vol 2,, p467
Rev 11:13  And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven.  11:13  The Apocalyptic great city included in its empire, according to the prophecy, just ten kingdoms ; and that the word fall is used in prophecy with reference to cities or countries conquered, and transferred to the dominion of a triumphant enemy. It was the conquest and overthrow of the Papal empire in one of these ten kingdoms, apparently, that was the thing predicted. Was there any one of the ten kingdoms of Papal Christendom —wherein about the same time as the great political exaltation of the Protestants in Northern Germany the Papal Empire fell, overthrown by Protestantism. And, in answer to the question, does not history, as with a finger-point, direct the inquirer to England Elliott, Horae, Vol 2,, p472-p476 11:13  This is huge, for it is a unified tie in to join this prophecy of the two witnesses with the 7 headed, 10 horned beast, with crowns, of Revelation 17, as fulfilled in the Papal Roman Empire. It is of the phylarchs or
heads of tribes, distinctively, that the statement is made, on the first numbering of Israel near the Mount of Sinai ; " These were the renowned [literally, the called by name of the congregation ; princes of the tribes of their fathers, heads of thousands in Israel.  Elliott, p476
Rev 11:14  The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.  11:14  It is just after the prophecy of the political earthquake that arose out of the Reformation, and consequent fall more particularly of the tenth part, and of seven chiliads also, of the great Papal City,—in other words of the overthrow of the Papal dominion in England and in the seven Dutch Provinces, whereby was completed the 'political establishment of the Reformation,—it is just after this, I say, and not before, that there is made the statement in our text, " The second Woe is passed." — Throughout the period of the earlier progress of the Reformation the Turkish Woe continued imminent. Elliott, Horae, Vol 2,, p490
Rev 11:15  And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.  Event 19-7th Trumpet, 3rd Woe Strong ***** 1793 AD 11:15  French Revolution and ancillary precedent causes and antecedent effects.  As Fleming writes:  "the seventh trumpet comprehends the seven vials".  Fleming, however, includes the Reformation from 1517, until the fall of Papal Rome in his seven trumpet view.  See Elliott's reference to the political earthquake just above. Robert Fleming, "Rise and Fall of The Papacy", P57
Rev 11:16  And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God, 
Rev 11:17  Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned. 
Rev 11:18  And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth. 
Rev 11:19  And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.  11:19     Regarding the ongoing political earthquake of the Reformation, Fleming writes:  "the trumpets did raise Antichrist up, and the vials must pull him down." and "the seventh trumpet comprehends the seven vials; for these are but the parts of it which gradually destroy the Papl interest, which had increased under the former trumpets. Robert Fleming, "Rise and Fall of The Papacy", P57